ARCHITECTURAL DICTIONARY                

Your Handbook for understanding Architecture:


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Semi Detached Building
A Building detached on three sides with open spaces.
Silo
A pit or airtight chamber for storing grain or other loose materials, or for packing and preserving green crops for fodder.
Sarsen Stone
Sandstone Boulder
Scotia
Concave moulding at the base of a column that casts a strong shadow.
Service Road
A road/ lane provided at the rear or side of a plot for service purpose.
Services
Facilities that have to be planned within a building to make living in it comfortable: heating and air-conditioning pipes and vents, electrical and telephone wiring ducts, water and sanitation amenities, and so forth.
Set Back Line
A line usually parallel to the plot boundaries or central line of a road and laid down in each case by the authority or as per recommendation of Master Plan beyond which nothing can be constructed towards the plot boundaries, excepting with the permission of the authority.
Shaft
Part of the column between the base and capital, a well like excavation.
Shelf
Board fixed on the cupboard, on the wall.
Shelter
A structure that shields or protects, esp. against weather: a place of refuge, retreat, or temporary lodging in distress: protection.
Shingle
Wooden slab used like a roofing slate: a board.
Shingle Style
Late 19th century US style involving cladding houses with shingles, or wooden tiles, over timber frames
Silhouette
Shadow outline filled in with black or other colour: an outline showing against a contrasting background.
Sink
A kitchen or scullery trough or basin with a drain.
Sink Unit
A fitting consisting of sink, draining board, and cupboards.
Site
Ground occupied by, or set apart for, a building.
Site Depth of
The mean horizontal distance between the front and rear site boundaries.
Site Double Frontage
A site having a frontage on two streets other than a corner plot
Site, Interior or Tandem
A site, access to which is by a passage from a street whether such passage forms part of the site or not
Skin
In architecture, the outer membrane of a building: the brick walls, glass and steel cladding, and so on.
Smoke stop Door
A door for preventing or checking the spread of smoke from one area to another.
Sofa
Long upholstered seat with back and arms.
Space Frame Construction
The use of high tech materials to construct buildings which enclose large areas without internal support; tension and elasticity are the principles mostly involved.
Spandrel
Triangular section of masonry above the junction of two arches in the sequence.
Stair
Series of steps from floor to floor.
Stepped Gable
Particularly Dutch form of gable with stepped sides.
Store Room
A room used as storage space.
Storey
The portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of floor next above it, or if there be no floor above it then the space between any floor and ceiling next above it.
Storage
A space where goods of any kind or nature are stored.
Strapwork
Elizabethan decoration on ceilings and screens that looks like cut leather.
Stringcourse
Projecting band of stone, brick or other moulding running horizontally along the face of a building.
Structure
Manner of building, putting together, construction.
Stucco
Form of Plaster.
Sump
A small pit at the lowest point of a mine or excavation into which water can drain and out of which water can be pumped.
Superstructure
Structure above or on something else, anything erected on a foundation.


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