ARCHITECTURAL DICTIONARY                

Your Handbook for understanding Architecture:


M


Machicolation
On castle walls, an overhanging parapet with a hole in the floor through which molten lead or missiles could be dropped.
Macro
In composition, large, long.
Maisonnette
A small house or flat.
Mannerism
In 16th century Italy a style involving deliberate distortions of the traditional motifs in order to individualise the artist. In the 20th century, the attribution of importance to the manner in which something is done rather than to the meaning behind it.
Mansard Roof
Roof with a lower section sloping more steeply than the upper.
Mansion
A large house.
Masonary
An assemblage of masonry units properly bonded together with mortar.
Masonary Unit
A unit whose net cross sectional area in every plane parallel to the bearing surface is 75% or more of its gross cross sectional area measured in the same plane. It may be either clay brick, stone, concrete block or sand lime block.
Metre
The fundamental unit of length in the metric system.
Metropolis
The capital of a country.
Mezzanine Floor
An intermediate floor between two floor levels above ground floor and at least one side of it should form an integral part of the floor below.
Micro
In composition, small.
Minar
A tower.
Minaret
Thin tall tower attached to a mosque, from which a muezzin calls to the faithful to prayer.
Mirage
An optical illusion, esp. that which causes travellers in a desert to imagine they see an expanse of water.
Modern Movement
Early 20th century European style which featured undecorated cubic forms, white rendering and a horizontal aspect emphasised in large windows.
Modular
Le Corbusier's system for establishing the proportions of building spaces corresponding to proportions of the male human body.
Mortice and Tenon
Right angled timber joint in which a projecting tennon is glued or pinned into a cut-away mortice.
Mosaic
A kind of work in which designs are formed by small pieces of coloured marble, glass and anything composed of piecing together different materials
Mosque
Mohammedan place of worship.
Motte and Bailey
Enclosure(Bailey) surrounding an earthen mound(motte) as part of early defensive fortifications.
Mouldings
Ornamental trimmings added to flat surfaces, cornices and columns.
Mullion
Vertical spar dividing a window or any other opening.
Mumty or Stair Cover
A structure with a covering roof over a staircase and its landing built to enclose only the stairs for the purpose of providing protection from weather and not used for human habitation.
Mural
Attached to, or of the nature of a wall.


A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
XYZ