ARCHITECTURAL DICTIONARY                

Your Handbook for understanding Architecture:


C


Cabin
A room constructed with non load bearing partition/ partitions with minimum width of 2.0 mtr. Provided light and ventilation standard prescribed in these byelaws are met with or the provision of light and ventilation is to the satisfaction of the authority.
Café
A coffee house, restaurant.
Cafeteria
A coffee stall, a restaurant with a counter.
Campus
College or school grounds and buildings, a college or self contained division of a university.
Canopy
A covering hung over a throne or bed.
Canteen
Refreshment room.
Cantilever
Any structural part of a building that projects beyond its support and overhang.
Capital
Head or top part of the column.
Caryatid
Supportive column carved in the shape of a female figure.
Casino
A building with public dance halls, gambling tables.
Castle
Fortified house or fortress.
Cement
Anything that makes two bodies stick together, mortar, a bond of union.
Cemetery
A burying ground.
Centering
Wooden frame supporting an arch or dome during construction.
Chair
A moveable seat for one, with a back to it.
Chamber
An apartment, the place where an assembly meets.
Chancel
Choir and altar area of a church.
Chateau
A castle.
Chhaja
A continuous sloping or horizontal overhang.
Chicago School
Number of architects in late 19th century Chicago who pioneered skyscrapers.
Chimney
A passage for the escape of fumes, smoke or heated air from a fireplace or furnace.
Chisel
Tool with the end beveled to a cutting edge.
Church
A house set apart for public worship.
Citadel
A fortress in or near a city.
City
A large town, town with a corporation.
Cladding
Protective screen or covering on the outside of a building.
Clapboard
Overlapping horizontal boards protecting the outside of the house.
Classical Architecture
Form of style devised by the Greeks and Romans and revived during the Renaissance.
Classical Orders
Three main styles in the design of a column and its entablature: Corinthian, Ionic, Doric.
Clerestory
Wall above supportive columns that is pierced by windows.
Client
One who employs a professional advisor
Cloisters
Roofed passage between a chapel of a monastery and the monks quarters
Closet
A small private room.
Club
An association of persons for social, political athletic or other ends.
Cluster
A group or crowd.
Coffer
Decorative recessed panel in a ceiling.
Collar
Horizontal beam in a timber roof linking the rafters and so forming an A shaped truss.
Colonnade
A range of columns placed at regular intervals: a similar row, as of trees.
Colony
A body of persons who form a fixed settlement in another country.
Column
A long, round belly, used to support or adorn a building.
Combustible Material
A material, if it burns or adds heat to a fire which tested for combustibility in accordance with good practice.
Campanile
Freestanding bell tower particularly in Italy.
Complex
Composed of more than one or many parts.
Compound
An enclosure round a house or factory.
Condominium
Joint sovereignty.
Console
A bracket to support cornices.
Construct
To build up, to compose, to draw.
Constructivism
Post World war 1 Russian art style emphasising abstract aspects of composition and design using industrial materials and methods.
Consultant
One who gives professional advice.
Contract
To undertake by agreement.
Conversion
The change of occupancy to another occupancy or change in building structure or part thereof resulting in to change of space or use requiring additional occupancy certificates.
Coping
Protective capping or covering on the top of the wall.
Corbel Brick or stone block projecting from a wall to support a beam.
Corinthian Order Most complex -most decorated of the Classical orders.
Cornice Projecting moulding running along the top of a building, an arch or a column.
Corridor A passage way
Cottage A space permanently open to the sky enclosed fully or partially by buildings and may be at ground level or any other level within or adjacent to the building.
Covered Area Ground area covered immediately above the plinth level covered by the building but does not include the space covered by:(a) Garden, rockery, well and well structures, plant nursery, water pool, swimming pool(covered), platform round a tree, tank, fountain, bench, chabutra with open top and unenclosed on sides by walls and the like;(b)Drainage culvert, conduit, catch-pit, gully-pit, chamber, gutter and like; and(c)Compound wall, gate, slide, swing, canopy, area covered by chhaja or alike projections and staircases which are uncovered and open at least on three sides and also open to sky.
Cross Vault Arch made by two barrel vaults at right angles to each other, meeting in the middle. Also known as groin vault.
Crucks Pairs of large curved beams used as the principal framework members of English houses until the 16th century.
Cupola Spherical vault on the top of the building.
Curtain Wall
Thin protective external wall in front of the main frame of a building, now usually made of glass and light metals. A wall that is not load bearing does not support a roof.


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