BUILDING MATERIALS                


Tar is a dark black liquid with high viscosity. According to its source, tar is classified into the following three categories:
1. Coal Tar
2. Mineral Tar
3. Wood Tar

Coal Tar
This variety of tar is prepared by heating coal in closed iron vessels. The escaping gases are allowed to pass through tubes which are kept cool by circulation of water. Coal tar gets deposited in these tubes. It is usually contained as a bye product during the manufacture of coal gas. Coal tar is used for making macadam roads, preserving timber, etc.

Mineral Tar

This variety of tar is obtained by distilling bituminous shales. It contains less volatile matter.

Wood Tar

This variety of tar is obtained by the distillation of pines and similarother resinous trees. It contains creosote oil and hence, it possesses strong preservative property.